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MEDALIA DE AUR LA SALONUL INTERNATIONAL DE INVENTICA GENEVA, EDITIA 2017
 
Apr
03
Postat de: AdminAGRO
Sectiune: Faculty of Agriculture
MEDALIA DE AUR LA SALONUL INTERNATIONAL DE INVENTICA GENEVA, EDITIA 2017
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<< August, 2017 >>
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Parteneri
 
 
2nd section Meadows and fodder crops

 

MODERN TOPOGRAPHICAL METHODOLOGY EMPLOYED FOR THE IDENTIFICATION AND THE DETERMINATION OF LAWN SURFACE
 
C. BÂRLIBA*, A. MOISUC*, LUMINIÞA COJOCARIU*
 
*Banat’s Agricultural and Veterinary University, Timiºoara, Romania
 
 
Abstract: After the EU integration, the necessity of rural development appears, along with a new functional frame for agricultural and lawn terrain. The paper studies the influence and the topographic methods used in agriculture, for lawn implicitly, as a field for terrain inventory, necessary for rural development and not only. The paper has at its basis the knowing of topographic equipment and topographic survey methods for parcels. In addition, a description of methods used in data processing is present along with the field measuring data.
 
Key words: GPS, total station, cadastral work orthophotoplan, area calculation
  Full version
 
 
 
USING   MODERN CADASTRAL TECHNOLOGY FOR SWARDS IDENTIFICATION IN CRICIOVA VILLAGE, TIMIª COUNTRY, ROMÂNIA
 
C. BÂRLIBA*, A. MOISUC*, LUMINIÞA COJOCARIU*
 
*Banat’s Agricultural and Veterinary University, Timiºoara, Romania
 
 
Abstract: The purpose of the paper is to realize a single survey work of swards from Criciova Timiº Counnty, in order to identify the properties and register them into the land record.
In order to identify the parcel limits, which is the object of this paper, we proceed in using the GPS ProMark 3 station static module in the station point from the Class II national geodesic network “La Cuciuba” and  the “stop and go” module of the station for every parcel corner, later one after downloading activate the possibility of making plans on the whole swards territory of the locality.
 
Key words: ProMark 3 GPS, cadastral work, orthophotoplan 
 Full version
 
 
 
 THE PRODUCTION OF SOME FORAGE BEET SOMACLONES
 
DORICA BOTÃU, SABIN CHIª
 
Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Timiºoara
 
 
Abstract: The regenerated plants in long-term “in vitro” culture showed some modifications of agronomical traits that can be used in breeding programs of this plant. In this paper, we present the results regarding the traits evaluation of forage beet somaclones, obtained by “in vitro” regeneration and multiplication from meristem, and acclimatization in green house. All somaclones presented increased values in comparison with the control (plants cultivated in normal conditions), for root weight, leaf weight and total weight. These results point out that the “in vitro” induced variability is important and valuable.
 
Key words: forage beet, somaclones, productivity
 Full version
 
 
  
Aspects regarding vegetation begin and winter access of some species of forage gramineOUS PLANTS
 
MIHAELA CORCHEª, AL. MOISUC
 
Banat’s Agricultural and Veterinary University, Timisoara, Romania
 
 
Abstract: For the success of a culture, one must know at any moment the vegetation state of the meadow and forage plants to be able to apply the measures that are required for getting big productions. Reserve substances accumulation, which plants need to get started in spring vegetation takes place in the root, offsets, at the base of stems. This permits plants to resist at low temperatures during the winter and in spring to get started in vegetation early. After the arise degree analysis of Dactylis glomerata, Lolium perenne and Festuca pratensis species, it was observed that the arise degree is very good, the arise degree being of 95% at all breeds. The fraternity degree at Dactylis glomerata and Festuca pratensis species answer to the optimum stage of entering the winter, and at Lolium perenne breeds it is under the optimum stage of entering the winter.
 
Key words: Dactylis glomerata, Festuca pratensis, Lolium perenne, sameness at arise, fraternity degree
 Full version
 
 
  
ON THE IMPACT OF TEROPHYTA DYNAMICS ON PASTORAL VALUE OF A PERMANENT GRASSLAND IN THE SURDUC LAKE AREA (TIMIS COUNTY)
 
CARMEN DURAU, A. MOISUC, IOANA LOREDANA TOMODAN
 
Agricultural and Veterinary University of the Banat, Timiºoara, Romania
 
 
Abstract: In this paper we present a study of the impact of some terophyta on the pastoral value of some permanent grassland of Poa pratensis L. The inventory of the vegetal cover was done with the help of the double meter method; observations were done by analysing 35 samples for 5 years. The study of the dynamics of the frequency specific to terophyta we can draw the conclusion that there is a negative correlation between it and pastoral value and pastoral value decrease rate depends on the frequency specific to terophyta (i.e. -0.77).
 
Key words: permanent grassland, terophyta, specific frequency, pastoral value
 Full version
 
 
 
 
STUDY concerning THE BEHAVIOUR IN WINTER OF some TURF MIXTURES in the conditions
of WESTERN ROMANIA
 
ADRIANA HANC-STOIAN, AL. MOISUC
 
Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Timisoara Romania
 
 
Abstract: In this paper, we have studied the behaviour of some turf mixtures during winter. The vegetal carpet's ability to remain “green” is very appreciated under the influence of the negative temperatures, ice and snow, lack of light, and some possible latent periods, or the presence of a certain disease. Because the use of turf mixtures is so divers, the species of grasses are evaluated from the point of view of some features common to all the turf species and make proof of the utilisation value to which is more suitable.
 
Key words: turf, mixtures, evaluation, behaviour
 Full version
 
 
  
the influence of Sample particles size on the determination of total nitrogen content from forages by nIR Spectroscopy, using minimum reflectance values
 
MONICA HARMANESCU*, DORU LAIES*, VERONICA SARATEANU*, ALEXANDRU MOISUC*
 
Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Timisoara.
 
 
Abstract: The main objective of this scientific paper was to study the influence of forages samples particles size on the determination of total nitrogen content (TNC) by NIR Spectroscopy. For this, correlations were realized between the values obtained for TNC using classical Kjeldahl method and the minimum reflectance values for four frequencies from NIR spectra. We used two particles sizes for forage samples: bulk (sieve with 1 mm diameter) and fine (sieve with 0.3 mm diameter). The correlation coefficient R2 obtained for regression equation of bulk particles size was equal with 0.8212, smaller than that for fine particles size R²=0.90542092. It is possible to observe that the usage of fine particles size improves significantly the correlation coefficient R2 of regression equation. 
 
Key words: total nitrogen content, NIR Spectroscopy, forages
 Full version
 
 
  
L’influence des prÉcipitations sur la production de matiÈre sÈche sur une prairie permanente dans les CARPATES OrientaLES
 
V. JURAVLE, AL. MOISUC
 
Université de Science Agricoles et Médecine Vétérinaire du Banat, Timiºoara, Roumanie
 
 
Résumé: Sur une prairie permanente les précipitations peuvent affecter considérablement la production de fourrages. Dans les conditions rencontrées (pH=4.8, régime de précipitation 500–600 mm/année,) sur une prairie permanente située dans les Carpates Orientales, nos résultats montrent qu’il y a une grande différence de production de matière sèche (MS) entre deux fauches et cette différence est donnée par les quantités de précipitations.
 
Mots clés: prairie permanente, régime de précipitations, matière sèche
 Full version
 
 
  
Researches regarding some morphological haracters of production in different phenophases at Trifolium  alexandrinum L.
 
FLORIN MARIAN*, A. MOISUC*, LUMINITA COJOCARIU*, M. HORABLAGA*
 
*Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Timiºoara, Romania
 
 
Abstract: The production capacity of berseem clover is different taking into account the harvest phenophase and it is conditioned by different production elements like: number of tillers, bush height and leaf surface. In this paper, we propose to observe the influence of different production characters, on berseem clover, in different harvest phenophases. The results obtained have shown that the bush weight realizes the biggest production in 69 phenophase, leaf surface having the biggest influence on bush weight, namely 56 % of its weight
 
Key words: trifolium alexandrinum, phenophases, production characters, bush weight
 Full version
 
 
  
Le calcul des indices de nutrition – une mÉthode de rÉduction des coÛts de production sur une prairie permanente
 
RÃZVAN MIHÃILESCU, ALEXANDRU MOISUC
 
Université de Science Agricoles et Médecine Vétérinaire du Banat, Timiºoara, Roumanie
 
 
Résumé: L’optimisation de la production d’une prairie permanente et une des problématiques actuelles des éleveurs. Ce problème peut se resoudre par la réduction de l’application des engrais minéraux sans pénaliser la quantité et la qualité de fourrages produits, en utilisant des outils de diagnostique capables de rendre compte de la biodisponibilité des éléments nutritifs du sol et l’aptitude des plantes de les prélever. Une de ces méthodes est la méthode des indices de nutrition. Dans ce travail on se propose de calculer l’indice de nutrition azote (INN) et de suivre son évolution sur deux années d’expérimentation pour savoir quelle est la variante de fertilisation la plus économique. L’expérimentation est menée sur une prairie permanente implantée sur un sol acide (pH=4.8) avec différents régimes de fertilisation. Nos résultats montrent qu’ un apport de N200 P50 K50 fait augmenter la valeur de l’indice de nutrition azote de 41 (en 2006) à une valeur de 83 (en 2007), pour les autres variantes l’augmentation de l’INN n’étant pas importante d’une année à l’autre.
 
Mots clés: prairie permanente, fertilisation minérale, indices de nutrition azote, optimisation de la production
 Full version
 
 
  
Influence of fertilisation on the chemical composition of the biomass of GRASSLAND from Grãdinari (Caraº-Severin County)
 
A. MOISUC*, I. SAMFIRA*, LUMINIÞA COJOCARIU*, M. HORABLAGA*, CARMEN CLAUDIA DURÃU*, VERONICA SÃRÃÞEANU*, D. LAIEª**
 
*Banat’s Univesity of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine from Timiºoara, Romania
**Bardeau Holding – Grãdinari, Caraº-Severin, Romania
 
 
Abstract: Obtaining good vegetal yields and with high quality from grasslands needs the use of the improvement measures. Among these, fertilisation has a determining role on the obtained yield and quality. This work presents aspects concerning the effect of different fertilisation types (chemical, organic, and mix) on the percentage and yield of crude protein. The experimental plots are set on one of the grassland of Grãdinari locality (Caraº-Severin County) during 2006-2007. There are applied different fertilisation doses, the most efficient in 2006 being 10 t/ha manure applied once, and in 2007 the chemical fertilisation dose N100+100P50K50.       
 
Key words: grassland, fertilisation, crude protein content, crude protein yield.
 Full version
 
 
  
Vegetation evolution of grassland affected by flooding
 
A. MOISUC*, I. SAMFIRA*, LUMINIÞA COJOCARIU*, M. HORABLAGA*, CARMEN CLAUDIA DURÃU*, VERONICA SÃRÃÞEANU*
 
*Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine from Timiºoara, Romania
 
 
Abstract: The humidity excess represents one of the problems of many grassland from Banat, especially in spring, but sometimes in autumn too. In the area between Timiº and Bega rivers an important problem is represented by the temporary flooding of the grasslands with the water stagnation for a longer of shorter period. This fact determinates changes in the composition of vegetation.
 
Key words: grassland, vegetation evolution, flooding, fertilisation influence
 Full version
 
 
  
Total Ash content Determination from Gradinari (Caras- Severin County) permanent pasture forages using NIr spectroscopy
 
MONICA HARMANESCU*, ALEXANDRU MOISUC*, FLORINA RADU**, IOSIF GERGEN**
 
* Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Timisoara, Calea Aradului no. 119, RO-300645, Romania.
** Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Food Technology, Timisoara, Calea Aradului no. 119, RO-300645, Romania.
 
 
Abstract: The aim of this scientifically paper was to study the possibility to determine total ash content of forages harvested from permanent pasture from Gradinari (Caras-Severin County) by NIR Spectroscopy. For this it was realized correlations between the values obtained for total ash content using classical dry mineralization method and the reflectance values from NIR spectra. The correlation coefficient R2 obtained for regression equation when it was used the minimum reflectance values was 0.8077, higher than those for maximum reflectance values, R²=0.6356.
 
Key words: total ash  content, NIR Spectroscopy, forages
 Full version
 
 
 
Approach on the shrub invasive species impact on western Romanian grasslands
 
VERONICA SÃRÃÞEANU*, M. N. HORABLAGA*, M. C. STROIA*, MONICA BUTNARIU*, C. BOSTAN*
 
*Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Timiºoara, Romania
 
 
Abstract: This work presents a study realised on some grassland from western Romania that are characterised by the presence of shrubs. Those have a great impact on the vegetation because they determine changes in the structure of the vegetation carpet, but also they are affecting the grassland exploitation too, especially through the diminishing of the useful surface.
 
Key words: grassland, invasive shrub, vegetation, impact.
 Full version
 
 
 
assesSing the invasive species impact on the grasslands from Western Romania
 
VERONICA SÃRÃÞEANU*, M. N. HORABLAGA*, M. C. STROIA*, MONICA BUTNARIU*, C. BOSTAN*
 
*Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Timiºoara, Romania
 
 
Abstract: The purpose of this work is to present a synthesis of the researches realised on 28 grasslands from Banat during 2003-2005 concerning the impact of some species on grassland and the determination of their invasive character. Most of the studied species have acted as invasive, this fact being manifested through the increase of the coverage index of the surface from a year to another. Even this study is realised at local scale, the results, respectively the study method can be applied at a regional scale too. Also, in this way can be characterised other species that are suspected from the invasivity point of view to be noxious.
 
Key words: grassland, invasive species, vegetation, spreading coefficient
 Full version
 
 
 
The study of the comportment of some foreign alfalfa varieties during the first vegetation year under the influence of West Plain conditions
 
CAMELIA ªTEFAN*, A. MOISUC*, VERONICA SÃRÃÞEANU*
 
*Banat’s Univesity of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine from Timiºoara, Romania
 
 
Abstract: Alfalfa is a plant with distinct qualities, being appreciated because of some multiple uses as forager plant. The chemical composition of alfalfa and a good digestibility, near to a great production capacity, a good perenity and the fact that it lets great amounts of organic mater rich in nitrogen in soil makes from alfalfa a very important and necessary plant in the ecological or biological crop system.
 
Key words: alfalfa, first vegetation year, root length, nodosities number, plant’s weight, offshoots number, number of root’s branches.
 Full version
 
 
 
 
ASPECTS CONCERNING THE PRESENT STATE OF A GRASSLAND OF LOLLIUM PERENNE L. AND TRIFOLIUM REPENS L. AROUND FARDEA (TIMIS COUNTY)
 
IOANA LOREDANA TOMODAN, ALEXANDRU MOISUC,  CARMEN DURÃU
 
Agricultural and Veterinary University of the Banat, Timiºoara, Romania
 
 
Abstract: In this paper we present a study of the present state of a grassland of Lollium perenne L. and Trifolium repens L. The vegetation was inventoried with the help of the double meter by establishing the bio-form and geo-element for each species participant in the analysed vegetal cover. As a conclusion, we can say that Poaceae and Asteraceae are the most numerous, hemi-cryptophyta represent 62%, followed by terophyta; bioform analysis shows that the most numerous species are Euro-Asian ones (22.5%).
 
Key words:permanent grassland, bioform, geo-element
 Full version
 
 
  
POLLINATION AND BINDING SEEDS PROCESS ON DI- AND TETRAPLOID RED CLOVER (TRIFOLIUM PRATENSE L.) IN TRANSYLVANIA’S CONDITIONS
 
MARIOARA URDA, M. SAVATTI
 
University of Agricultural Science and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, Romania
 
 
Abstract: In this paper the di- and tetraploid red clover seedlings will be compared, under the aspects of pollination, fertility and binding seeds process. After a vast amount of research, the results obtained were that, often, the low seed yield in di- and tetraploid red clover is caused by of one of these factors: the improper pollination and fertility perturbance.The purpose of the experiments during the years 2004-2006, was to determine the pollination effects and to offer important clues about di- and tetraploid red clover seed production in Transylvania’s condition. Red clover is a typical allogamous plant in which the auto incompatibility system determined by the S alleles is very strong, the pollination is compulsorily done by honey and bumble bees. The red clover flowers are very attractive to a large amount of insects, but because of the flower structure, only some sort of insects can do the pollination. The efficiency of the activity of a pollinator depends not only on the flower structure, but also on the meteorological conditions. 
 
Key words: di- and tetraplid red clover, pollination, fertility, seed production
Full version

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